Burpengary Camera Club
Critique Explained

Follow Us on Facebook


NOTE: images may be presented in colour or monochrome across all themes 

Update of definitions from the Tewantin Shield inter club competition 12-11-2023

People (P)
A photograph of a person or people that can be close-up portrait, or whole/part body. The person/s in the photograph must be the focal subject however the image could also depict their environment or a broader scene. Can be candid or posed. Must be a live human being (manikins, statues, ornaments will not be accepted). 

Pictorial (Pi)

A picture of any subject which has strong pictorial appeal, i.e. good composition and lighting. Can be colour or monochrome, except where stated ‘Monochrome Open’ colour images will not be accepted. 

Rust  (RU)

An image that shows the weathering and oxidisation on any ferrous metal

Texture  (TE)

an image showing the surface texture of any manmade or natural material.

 Rust is excluded from this category

Scapes (SC)
An image featuring an expansive view without humans dominating the scene - urban, rural, sea, sky scapes, and traditional landscapes are all included in this category. A landscape is a photograph of natural scenery with land and sky based elements displayed in a pictorial fashion. It may include evidence of man, people, animals, even part of the sea provided that none of these addional elements dominate the photograph. A seascape is a photograph of natural coastal scenery, a wave study, or a picture of the open sea, provided always that the sea is the centre of interest of the photograph. People, boats and man-made structures may be present as incidental to the photograph. (APS definition) 

Social documentary (SD)
Social documentary photography is the recording of what the world looks like, with a social and/or environmental  focus, and aims to draw the public`s attention to ongoing social or environmental issues. it is often associated with the photographer providing a critical review/assessment of these issues and how people act on them. in these cases, the photographer also often advocates for the people impacted, trying to draw the public`s attention to the topic documented. images need to be black and white (grey tonal range) and not toned with any colour.

Architecture (A)
Pictures depicting the interior or exterior of any manmade structure portraying the surface texture, lighting, colour, or geometry and emphasising the character or beauty of the structure. People, statues and fountains may be included but not be the dominant point of the image. 

Food Photography (FP)
Food photography encompasses images where food is the main or prominent element within the frame. This genre allows for the inclusion of people engaging with the food, provided that their involvement contributes to conveying a narrative. 

Creative (C)
Creative or experimental photographs display a novel effect because of an unusual combination of objects and /or unusual viewpoint. Photographs in which the images have been modified during or after exposure by using an experimental technique are also eligible in Creative/Experimental sections. The photograph must always have a basic photographic image. Digital manipulation processes may be employed provided the original photograph was exposed by the entrant. (APS definition) 

Long Exposure (LE)
LONG EXPOSURE : Long-exposure, time-exposure, or slow-shutter photography involves using a longduration shutter speed to sharply capture the stationary elements of images while blurring, smearing, or obscuring the moving elements. Long exposure photography captures one element that conventional photography does not: an extended period of time. 

Action (A)
A person or people doing something in a non-leisurely manner. E.g. sport, emergency, at play or at work. 

Nature (N)

Nature photography records all branches of natural history except anthropology and archaeology. This includes all aspects of the physical world, both animate and inanimate, that have not been made or modified by humans. 

Editing Guidelines

Processing or editing must be limited to making the image look as close to the original scene as possible, except that conversion to grayscale monochrome is allowed. 

Allowed editing techniques:  

Editing Techniques NOT allowed:

Subject Matter Statement

The fundamental rule that must be observed at all times is that the welfare of living creatures is more important than any photograph. This means that practices such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests, for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed. Under no circumstances may a living creature be placed in a situation where it will be killed, injured or stressed for the purpose of obtaining a photograph. Images that show live creatures being fed to captive animals, birds or reptiles are not permitted under any circumstances. 

There are also concerns about the use of aerial photography, drones, helicopters, low flying aircraft. These should not cause any interference with other individuals or animals which causes a disturbance in their normal activity or disrupt the way any individuals or animals interact with their environment. Entrants must comply with all relevant laws and regulations, associated with aerial photography, in the country in which the image was taken.

(APS definition)